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Common Types of Personal Injury Cases

Updated: Aug 22

The term "personal injury" includes a broad range of accidents and incidents that result in harm to an individual due to the negligence or wrongful actions of others. Unfortunately, numerous types of personal injury cases occur regularly. This blog aims to provide information about some of the most common types of personal injury cases in Virginia, outlining each as well as the process injury victims can expect when seeking compensation for their injuries and losses.


Common types of personal injury cases
Personal injury


1. Car Crashes and Trucking Accidents

Car crashes are one of the most prevalent types of personal injury cases in Virginia. Trucking accidents are also common and often result in catastrophic injuries. Negligent driving, distracted driving, speeding, and driving under the influence are common causes of these accidents. Victims of car accidents may suffer from injuries ranging from whiplash and fractures to more severe injuries like traumatic brain injuries or spinal cord damage, whether from being rear-ended, T-boned, side-swiped, or hit head-on in a motor vehicle crash.



2. Slip and Fall Accidents

When a person is injured on someone else's property due to hazardous conditions, such as wet floors, uneven surfaces, or poorly maintained walkways, this is commonly referred to as a slip and fall. Property owners have a duty to maintain safe premises, and when they fail to maintain their property, they may be held liable for any injuries that occur on their property.

3. Medical Malpractice or Medical Negligence

Medical malpractice or medical negligence occur cases when healthcare professionals, such as doctors, nurses, or hospitals, provide substandard care that leads to harm or injury to a patient. This can include failure to diagnose, delay in treatment, and mistakes in surgeries or medications administered. Medical malpractice claims are complex, and require expert testimony to establish negligence and the harm or injury was caused by a healthcare professional's failure to follow the appropriate standard of care.

4. Product Liability

Injuries caused by defective or dangerous products are called product liability cases. This may include mesothelioma cases caused by asbestos exposure in various products, or injuries caused by a dangerous pharmaceutical drug. Injuries caused by products may be immediate or latent. Manufacturers, distributors, and retailers can be held liable if their products cause harm to consumers due to design defects, manufacturing flaws, or failure to provide an adequate warnings.

5. Dog Bites and Animal Attacks


Severe injuries, scarring, and emotional trauma can result from dog bites and animal attacks. In Virginia, dog owners who cause injuries may be liable for injuries caused by their animals, regardless of whether the animal has a prior history of aggressive tendencies if the owner fails to exercise due care in keeping the dog on a leash or otherwise restrained.

6. Workplace Accidents


Injuries in the workplace can occur in almost any industry, but commonly occur in construction, manufacturing, and transportation. Workers who suffer injuries on the job may be entitled to workers' compensation benefits and, in some cases, may pursue a personal injury lawsuit if a third party's negligence contributed to their injuries, or if a defective product in the work place contributed to their injuries. Certain industries may be at risk for particular injuries, such as Virginia shipyard workers who may be at risk for mesothelioma and other asbestos-related diseases, or refinery and petroleum workers who were exposed to benzene and may be at risk for certain blood cancers.

7. Premises Liability

Premises liability cases can involve injuries that occur on someone else's property due to unsafe or hazardous conditions. This can include inadequate security leading to assaults, injuries from unsafe stairs or decks, swimming pool accidents, as well as slip and fall accidents.

8. Wrongful Death

In Virginia, wrongful death claims are brought by the personal representative (Executor or Administrator) of a deceased person's estate on behalf of that person's surviving family members when someone's negligence or intentional actions result in the death of their loved one. There are many circumstances where a personal injury claim may turn into a wrongful death claim. Wrongful death cases cases seek compensation for the family's loss of financial support, companionship, and emotional distress as a result of the loss of their loved one. Medical expenses and funeral expenses can also be recouped.

There are a wide spectrum of personal injury claims that may result from accidents and incidents that cause harm to individuals. Whether it's a car accident, trucking accident, slip and fall, medical malpractice, or product liability, Virginia injury victims deserve fair compensation for their injuries and losses. Understanding the common types of personal injury cases and the legal process can help victims protect their rights and seek the compensation they need to move forward in their lives after an unfortunate accident or incident.


The Virginia personal injury attorneys at Harty Jewell, PLLC provide personalized attention to clients. The first steps in any personal injury case include gathering evidence about the incident and cause of your injuries, as well as collecting medical records, bills, and information about any wage losses suffered as a result of your injuries. Next steps include gathering information about the defendant and attempting to negotiate with any insurance companies involved. A lawsuit may be filed if your claim cannot be resolved out of court. Many lawsuits settle before trial, but some cases proceed to trial, either in front of a judge or jury, who will hear the evidence and decide your claim. The trial attorneys at Harty Jewell, PLLC are prepared to fight for your rights to compensation, whether in or out of court.


If you or someone you know has suffered injuries due to someone else's negligence, contact the Virginia personal injury lawyers at Harty Jewell, PLLC for a free consultation to discuss your legal rights either by phone at 757-568-9633 or online at info@hartyjewell.com. The skilled Virginia personal injury lawyers at Harty Jewell, PLLC can help you or loved one explore every option available and pursue the compensation you deserve for your injuries.


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